Install WordPress on Apache Server

Update, Upgrade the System

#apt-get update -y && apt-get upgrade -y

Install ZIP and UNZIP

#apt-get install zip -y && apt-get install unzip -y

Enable VIM Copy Paste

#apt-get install vim -y

Please create the following file: /etc/vim/vimrc.local

#vim /etc/vim/vimrc.local
" This file loads the default vim options at the beginning and prevents
" that they are being loaded again later. All other options that will be set,
" are added, or overwrite the default settings. Add as many options as you
" whish at the end of this file.

" Load the defaults
source $VIMRUNTIME/defaults.vim

" Prevent the defaults from being loaded again later, if the user doesn't
" have a local vimrc (~/.vimrc)
let skip_defaults_vim = 1
" Set more options (overwrites settings from /usr/share/vim/vim80/defaults.vim)
" Add as many options as you whish

" Set the mouse mode to 'r'
if has('mouse')
set mouse=r

" Toggle paste/nopaste automatically when copy/paste with right click in insert mode:
let &t_SI .= "\<Esc>[?2004h"
let &t_EI .= "\<Esc>[?2004l"

inoremap <special> <expr> <Esc>[200~ XTermPasteBegin()

function! XTermPasteBegin()
set pastetoggle=<Esc>[201~
set paste
return ""


#apt-get install apache2 -y

Replace “AllowOverride None” to “AllowOverride All”

#vim /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

Activate rewrite, headers and expires

#a2enmod rewrite
#a2enmod headers
#a2enmod expires

Install MariaDB

#apt install mariadb-server -y


#mysql -u root -p
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE wordpress DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.002 sec)

Create and grant user wordpress

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON wordpress.* TO 'wordpress'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.000 sec)

Installing Additional PHP Extensions

#apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql -y
#apt install php-curl php-gd php-mbstring php-xml php-xmlrpc php-soap php-intl php-zip -y

Download wordpress files on /var/www/html or /var/www/ folder depend on the Operating System (Deb 8, Deb 7)

#cd /var/www/html
#apt install curl
#apt install wget
#curl -O
#wget --no-check-certificate

Extract the wordpress files in the /var/www/html directory:

#tar xzvf latest.tar.gz

Move all extracted folder files to /var/www/html/

#cd /var/www/html/
#mv * /var/www/html/wordpress/* /var/www/html/
#rm -rf /var/www/html/wordpress/

Create UPGRADE and UPLOADS directory so that WordPress won’t run into permissions issues when trying to do this on its own following an update and uploads to its software:

#mkdir -p /var/www/html/wp-content/upgrade
#mkdir -p /var/www/html/wp-content/uploads

Set the user, group ownership and permissions for the directory:

#chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html

Next we will run two find commands to set the correct permissions on the WordPress directories and files

#find /var/www/html/ -type d -exec chmod 750 {} \;
#find /var/www/html/ -type f -exec chmod 640 {} \;

Installing via browser http://ipaddress and follow the instruction

Google webmaster sitemap xml namespace error

Google webmaster sitemap xml namespace error

Change the opening <urlset> tag to look like the following

<urlset xmlns="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="" xmlns:image="">

Force non www and https and vice-versa with .htaccess

Force non www and https and vice-versa with .htaccess

Redirect web from www to non-www and from HTTP to HTTPS with .htaccess.
redirect to

Insert following code at the top of .htaccess

# pass the default character set
AddDefaultCharset utf-8

Options All -Indexes
Options +FollowSymlinks
RewriteEngine On
#RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\. [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(?:www\.)?(.+)$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^ https://%1%{REQUEST_URI} [L,NE,R=301]

If the default URL to be

# pass the default character set
AddDefaultCharset utf-8

Options All -Indexes
Options +FollowSymlinks
RewriteEngine On
#RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\. [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(?:www\.)?(.+)$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^ https://www.%1%{REQUEST_URI} [L,NE,R=301]

How it works

RewriteEngine On

The first line enables the Apache runtime rewriting engine, required to perform the redirect. You may have already enabled it in a previous config in the same file. If that’s the case, you can skip that line.

RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC]

These two lines are are the redirect conditions, they are used to determine if the request should be redirected. Because the conditions are joined with an [OR], if any of those two conditions returns true, Apache will execute the rewrite rule (the redirect).

The first condition determines if the request is using a non-HTTPS URL. The second condition determines if the request is using the www URL. Notice that I used www\. and not www., because the pattern is a regular expression and the . dot has a special meaning here, hence it must be escaped.

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(?:www\.)?(.+)$ [NC]

The forth line is a convenient line I used to avoid referending the hostname directly in the URL. It matches the HOST of the incoming request, and decomposes it into www part (if any), and rest of the hostname. We’ll reference it later with %1 in the RewriteRule.

If you know the host name in advance, you may improve the rule by inlining the URL and skipping this condition (see later).

RewriteRule ^ https://www.%1%{REQUEST_URI} [L,NE,R=301]

The RewriteRule is the heart of the redirect. With this line we tell Apache to redirect any request to a new URL, composed by:

%1: the reference to the non-www part of the host
%{REQUEST_URI}: the URI of the request, without the hostname

All these tokens are joined together, and represents the final redirect URI. Finally, we append 3 flags:

NE to not escape special characters
R=301 to use the HTTP 301 redirect status

L to stop processing other rules, and redirect immediately


As I’ve already mentioned, my example uses an extra RewriteCond line to extract the host name, and avoid to inline the hostname in the rule. If you feel this is a performance penalty for you, you can inline the host directly in the rule:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\. [NC]
RewriteRule ^{REQUEST_URI} [L,NE,R=301]

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